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Burnout is a challenge that many people face. Even if we haven’t experienced it ourselves, most of us are close to someone who has struggled with it. Burnout is the result of excessive and prolonged stress, and may be described metaphorically as the extinguishing of a candle or the draining of a battery.
A person dealing with burnout generally experiences the following three phases:
Exhaustion: Feels emotionally and physically tired. As a result, shows signs of withdrawal; e.g. low engagement levels at work or a desire to quit.
Cynicism: Adopts a “cold” and impersonal attitude towards work and colleagues, in order to protect themselves from the feelings of exhaustion.
Inefficacy: Feels inadequate, overwhelmed and helpless.
What causes burnout?
Burnout is associated with a mix of job- and individual-related factors.
- Work overload
- Low job autonomy
- Insufficient reward
- Lack of fairness
- Working too much/taking on many responsibilities
- Inadequate sleep
- Absence of supportive close relationships
As expats, we face a lot of stressful life changes away from home; therefore it can be easy to feel our energy supply draining.
The most common signs of burnout are
- Loss of job satisfaction and commitment
- Decreased motivation
- Neglecting your own needs
- Negativity or withdrawal from close relationships
- Loss of meaning in life
- Health problems; e.g. headaches, digestive problems and infections
Identifying the problem is the first important step towards resolving it.
What can I do next?
1. Humour: Humour has been recognised as one of the most effective ways of dealing with stress. Although it may be difficult when feelings of excessive stress occur, try to see things positively and see life through its amusing side.
2. Recovery from work: It is important to make a distinction between work and personal life. Stop thinking about work when you return home, switch off your work mobile phone, and engage in relaxing and fulfilling activities. Invest in your social life and spend time with friends.
3. Social support: Being able to talk to people about your problem can be helpful. Discuss the problem with your colleagues too, and ask how they cope with their workload. You will be surprised to find that you are not alone.
4. Set goals: Selecting and pursuing new goals can help you stay active and energised and builds positive feelings of anticipation. Think about your next desired step, plan how to get there and work towards its accomplishment.
5. Physical well-being: Being healthy helps us face difficulties with a positive attitude and decreases stress levels. Focus on a nutritious diet, exercise, and getting enough rest. Remember 50% is what you think and 50% is what you do.
6. Professional support: If the above is not enough, there are professionals with the expertise to help you. Don’t hesitate to follow a course in stress management or seek help from a counsellor/therapist.
The article was written by Mina Stamataki and published at: www.expatnest.com.
You can find this article and many more at: www.expatnest.com.